Our SHINE Curriculum

‘Start children off on the way they should go…’  Proverbs 22:6

The intent of our curriculum at King Charles Church of England Primary School is to enable everyone to SHINE.  For us, to SHINE is seeing these core drivers in action which have been developed by members of our whole school family:

Spirituality – encouraging our pupils to reflect upon their learning and its impact on themselves and others
Hope – providing aspirational opportunities
Inspiring – providing a curriculum and experiences to engage and inspire learners
Nurture – caring and growing ourselves, others and God’s creation
Environment – developing an awareness of our local, national and international community

Our Curriculum

At King Charles, well-being is at the heart of all teaching and learning. Our school ethos places the highest importance on recognising the development of the whole child and our strong pastoral care underpins this belief supporting our children to flourish. Our curriculum prepares children for the next stage of their education and to be 21st century world citizens.

We believe it is vital that pupils enjoy and are motivated by their learning and have the requisite skills to be successful learners with high aspirations.  Through a range of contexts and approaches, including working collaboratively and providing opportunities for exploration, children are inspired to be creative, inquisitive, imaginative and independent.  These approaches enable children to feel safe to try new things thus building confidence and resilience.

The National Curriculum is mapped out and delivered through our SHINE curriculum and assessed using Target Tracker and the Chris Quigley Framework as a basis to ensure coverage, progression and depth of learning.

10 Things Our Children Will Do Before They Leave KC

Shaped by our whole school community, we have committed to ’10 things our children will do before they leave KC’:

Every child is challenged which results in good progress, whatever their starting point.  Therefore, all children achieve and experience success.  The National Curriculum is further enhanced through our fortnightly Ex-days where  children experience new topics and explore, experiment and extend their learning in exciting ways. 

Our school’s core values of achievement, aspiration, creativity, friendship and teamwork underpin our curriculum. The spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of our children and their understanding of British Values prepare them positively for life in modern Britain.

As a large primary school, we value living well together, getting to know each other and building relationships across the whole school.   Just a few examples of this are: KCT Time where we vertically group children giving opportunities for all year groups to interact; Circle Time where class families work together; and extra-curricular activities which enhance the curriculum’s aim of ensuring physical and mental well-being.

Our outdoor environment, enrichment visits and the local community provide further opportunities for active learning for all our pupils. Our school grounds are being developed with the purpose of promoting opportunities for developing wisdom, knowledge and skills in different curriculum areas and to offer spaces for pupils to reflect spiritually.

Learning and Developing Skills and Knowledge

We have thought very carefully about the skills and knowledge that our children will learn, refine and deepen.  This is evident in the way in which we talk about and present our learning.

Put simply, it’s important for us all to understand that we’re not ‘doing history or doing art’.  We’re being historians and we’re being artists.

For example, being an historian involves key skills and attributes such as investigating the past, understanding chronology (the timeline of events), the effects of history on the world and being able to talk confidently about this using key vocabulary.  We’re calling these concepts – what it takes to be an historian.  These concepts are then revisited, deepened and extended and pupils move through school.

Below, you will see how our curriculum is mapped out across our school.  By clicking on each topic’s ‘big question‘, a topic overview will be displayed giving more detail of the learning that this topic will cover.

You’ll see some common themes such as our local environment and caring for ourselves, others and God’s creation throughout – evidence of our drivers in action.

King Charles C of E Primary School – Our SHINE Curriculum


Welcome and Goldilocks


Fireworks, Nocturnal Animals, Gruffalo and Christmas

Frozen World, People who help and Noah’s Ark

Healthy me, St Piran and Cornwall

Jack and the Beanstalk, Bugs and Sports

Rainbow Fish, Pirates, Transitions

Year 1

Who am I?


What materials would you use to build a house?

How do we keep people safe at sea?

What do plants need to survive?

How are animals and humans adapted to their environment?

Where shall we go?

Year 2

What do we need to survive?

Why does Falmouth have a castle?

How does our nation shine?

How do we help plants to grow?

Which would you choose; home or away?

Year 3

How did Stone Age people live?


How are shadows formed?

How are humans animals too?

How does the River Fal influence the lives of Falmouth people?

How do different cultures compare to our own?

What legacy did the Romans leave for modern British life?

Year 4

Why do people move?

How are Christmas decorations made?

Why was Falmouth a pivotal port?

Where might mythical creatures live?

How does sound travel?

What makes the Amazon amazing?

What are the consequences?

Year 5

Who were the Ancient Greeks?

What is up in the sky?

Was Ernest Shackleton the greatest explorer?

How did people survive the Great Plague and Fire of London?

What was it like to live in a Mayan civilisation?

What does it mean to be healthy and sustainable?

Can you design your own Commonwealth games?

Year 6

What can we learn from the Ancient Egyptians?

Who was the most significant Victorian?

What part did Falmouth play in WWII?

How can I stay healthy?

How do we all shine?


Sharing our Learning with You

Through our weekly newsletters, our work as geographers, musicians, historians, artists or writers are shared so that it’s clear what we’re learning here in school.  This is based on the information provided in the topic overviews in the table above.

We are going to start inviting you into school more often to come in and see your child shine – SHINE Time! (Something that our pupils are already enjoying here where they share their learning with a buddy).

We recently sent home the first of our new look curriculum newsletters. (These can be found in the table above) You’ll see here exactly what we mean about the skills and knowledge that we’re learning here as part of our SHINE Curriculum.

We still have topics – these are used to thread some key learning through a range of subjects.  For example, our Year 3 pupils are historians learning about how the Romans have impacted on life today and then when they are writers producing some diaries as a Roman soldier and also being geographers when using mapping skills to learn where exactly the Roman Empire was.

For some topics, there might not be any history skills being learned.  This might be when the topic if very scientific and skills such as predicting and explaining are being developed.  Through mapping our curriculum carefully for each year group, we can ensure that all of the expectations of the National Curriculum and the aims of our SHINE curriculum are covered for all pupils.

In some areas, the skills as a scientist or a designer might not link directly to a topic.  We will still learn skills here but as a more ‘standalone’ approach to ensure that the skills and knowledge continue to be developed.

To find out more about what each subject looks like in action in our school, click the subject links below.

Early Years Foundation Stage



Religious Education




Design Technology

Art & Design

Physical Education


Modern Foreign Languages (MFL)

Collective Worship